Jewelry is an accessory that has expressiveness and beauty. There is something magical in them, so people have attached special importance to them since ancient times. But it was never enough for them that the jewels simply adorn the image. They always wanted proof of the nobility and the availability of high-quality materials from which these jewelry are made, evidence of a profitable investment of their capital. Such proof is the information on the jewelry tag. The type of metal they were made of, or how valuable gems they contained, determines the wealth or social class of their owners.
What are the designations on jewelry tags?
In accordance with the law of Ukraine, tags are a mandatory requisite for the sale of jewelry. They are created in the corporate style of the seller or manufacturer. They attract the attention of potential buyers and increase the likelihood of a purchase.
In addition to performing an information function, gold and silver jewelry passports perform a warranty and sealing role. Their presence is 99% confirmation of the authenticity of the jewelry.
In the absence of this information, there is no guarantee that the jewel you like is the original, and not a cheap fake.
A standard label is made of thick cardboard or thick paper. It should have a clean, tidy appearance. There should be no scuffs, stains or creases on its surface. At the top, there is always a hole for the thread that connects the tag to the product.
Another proof of the authenticity of the jewelry is a seal. When a piece of jewelry is made in a specific shape that does not allow a tag to be attached, it is placed on the packaging of this product or in a separate bag.
The cardboard box can be connected not only with the thing itself, but also placed in a separate bag. It should have an inscription made in a font with a font size of more than 8.
Since the manufacturer of the jewelry is responsible for the description on the label, only the label can protect the rights of the buyer. Sometimes scammers falsify this information. However, famous world-famous brands that strive to maintain their reputation, therefore, only truthful information is published on the labels of their products.
The creation of the tag is most often carried out by flexographic printing. Sometimes this information is applied by means of foil stamping, varnishing, die-cutting, laminating, etc. In some cases, the data is printed using a thermal transfer printer.
How is a jewelry tag decoded?
According to Ukrainian legislation, jewelry labels must print:
name — earrings, ring, chain, brooch, necklace, etc.;
the article of this jewelry product is the service designation of the product model;
fineness is a term used in the jewelry industry to refer to the amount of gold in a metal alloy. The sample of gold shows how many mass units of pure metal are contained in 1000 mass units of a particular alloy. If the alloy contains 50% gold — a sample of 500. In the jewelry industry, three main samples of gold are usually used: 333, 585 and 750. Each of them has its own individual characteristics, ductility and strength. At first glance, it is impossible to distinguish whether it is made of gold 333 or 750, only by price. Gold 333 contains 33.3% pure gold. Rings, earrings, chains or bracelets made of 333 gold are the cheapest. Alloy 333 features high hardness, low ductility and fast patina. The 585 assay item contains 58.5% pure gold, a compromise between a fairly high content of the precious metal and very good physical properties. The 585 assay guarantees the high value and durability of the jewelry. 750 samples contains 75% pure gold, which is a reliable investment, but is associated with the fragility of products. The higher the sample, the softer the metal, the more the jewelry is subject to destruction. The most common hallmark on a gold diamond ring is 585;
When it comes to silver jewelry, the highest quality 925 sterling silver items are most often chosen, which contain 92.5% pure silver in the alloy. This precious metal is not as soft as gold, thanks to which the jewelry, despite its high quality, is resistant to mechanical damage. However, in the case of silver, regular cleaning must be remembered, because the metal turns black and tarnishes, which is the result of a reaction that occurs as a result of the contact of the metal with air;
weight, including inserts, is indicated in grams. In some cases, the weight of inserts (stones) and without them is indicated in a separate line;
hallmark — an official sign, stamp or hologram confirming the amount of precious metal contained in this piece of jewelry. The stigma in the form of a knight denotes gold items. In the form of a female silhouette — silver. In the form of a dog — with the addition of palladium, a horse — platinum.
Stamp in the form of geometric figures: a rectangle is gold, and with rounded ends — silver, platinum — eight-pointed. Letter — indicates the region where the composition of the metal was checked and a sample was taken;
the size. This item helps to successfully buy jewelry for a gift, knowing the size of the previous product;
price per 1 gram and the total cost of the product. The seller must indicate this information on the jewelry tags. This explains the fact why the cost of an inexpensive-looking ring or earrings per 1 gram is higher than more massive models;
DST 117–3‑002–95 — state standard. These are the technical conditions according to which this product is manufactured;
name of the manufacturer, its physical and legal address, TIN;
type of inserts of stones in the decoration. Marking of jewelry with several diamonds: 159 Br Kr 57 1,346 3/5 A. It stands for: 159 — the number of stones in this piece of jewelry, Br — diamond, Kr — round cut (Kv — square, Ov — oval, IG — pear-shaped shape, Mk — “Marquis”, S — emerald, Pr — “Princess”), 57 — the number of faces, 1.346 — the weight indicated in carats. In 1 carat 0.2 g, 3/5 — properties of stones, 3 — shade. The lighter it is, the closer it is to 1. The purity of the stone is 5, A is the ideal cut group, G is satisfactory;
method of processing stones (marking, sawing, grinding, peeling, polishing);
The QR code is required so that the buyer can scan it using the program on the phone, go to the manufacturer’s website and verify the originality of the product;
stamp of the technical control department of the Quality Control Department — a tag on a branded piece of jewelry confirming its originality;
the barcode is set for the convenience of the manufacturer and distributor stores.
Do I need to keep jewelry tags?
Since tags and seals on jewelry made of gold and silver inform about the characteristics of the goods, that is, about what exactly the buyer pays for, they are evidence-based protection in case of claims about the authenticity and quality of the product. They are equated with official documents, which in no case should be thrown away, but must be kept in a jewelry box.
The label serves as a certificate or passport for the piece of jewelry. Some manufacturers, if available, accept jewelry for free cleaning.
This document is also the basis for free repair or replacement in case of a breakdown that occurred during the warranty period.
If the purchased product did not fit or the defect was discovered after the purchase, according to the law on consumer rights, within 14 days the buyer has the right to a refund, warranty repair or replacement. To do this, be sure to save and present the receipt, the whole package and the intact tag.
If you want to be sure that you are buying real jewelry, buy from a trusted online store that works directly with famous brands. Many scammers deceive customers by selling them products made of tombac (a combination of copper and zinc). This material has a beautiful yellow color that perfectly imitates gold. To check the authenticity of the jewelry, use a magnet. Gold and silver are diamagnetic, which means that they do not react to the action of a magnet. However, when making jewelry, precious metals are combined with non-precious ones, which can cause the jewelry to react with the magnet.
When the tag contains all of the above information, the risk of buying a fake piece of jewelry is reduced to zero. If even the slightest detail is in doubt, you should contact a professional jeweler or appraiser.